Milestone 1: Parts of Speech OR different types of words

What are Nouns, Verbs and Adjectives? …this is the first thing you Learn in my Grammar class and your Activity #1 To be able to identify ‘different types of words’ . This is before I ask you to start making even simple sentences.

Some of you may say, “I know them” as you start to speak out the crammed definitions from a grammar book. Learning by heart the definitions of these ‘Parts of Speech’ has not helped you to make sentences. Am I right? So, what you need is ‘to LEARN how to use them in a sentence and a quick identification when you add a new word -in your Active vocabulary’. 

Each type of word has different placement in a sentence like a noun/pronoun can take the Subject form while adjective will generally come before the noun etc. Your mind has learned to identify them for Hindi or your first language. You may or may not remember the definitions it does not matter but You need to train your Mind to use different types of words differently. You will LEARN to identify them and USE them rightly in my class!

In Activity #2: You need to recall from your memory in a given time-limit of (say) 5 minutes: 50-60 Nouns, 20-30 Adjectives and 20-30 Verbs. Sounds easy? Try it on your own.  

Learn to identify Types of words or Parts of Speech (or PoS):

To demonstrate the importance of PoS, let me use an example to explain ‘What are parts of speech’ and ‘How many do need to identify for quick formation of sentences’. Assume that in place of  teaching you ‘How to make a sentence’, I am explaining to you ‘How to make a cup of tea’. You need to know the ingredients before you even start, right? Similarly our mind needs to understand various ‘Types of words’  before it can start making sentences in any language. These types of words are Parts of Speech (or PoS) as they are called in a grammar books. You sure got it and also how vital is the understanding of PoS or in other words ‘Why do we need to start from the basics?’

‘Parts of Speech’ or different types of words viz. Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives etc. are the ingredients for making a sentence, they are like milk, water, tea-bag, sugar etc. for making ‘a cub of tea’  You have to know the ingredients pretty well and identify them clearly before you can make a sentence in the right sequence and quickly enough to speak it.  The demand for quick formation of a sentence is more when you want to be spontaneous with your response. You also need to know them for attending an Active Vocabulary session, as well. There we need to Learn the meaning of a ‘new word’, is it ‘a Noun’ or ‘a Verb’.  You want to speak ‘the new word’ in a sentence of your own. You cannot use ‘a verb’ in place of ‘a noun’ … could you?

Okay! How many Types of words do I need to Identify?

At first, to Speak English at the very BASIC level you only need to know 3 types of words: Nouns, Verbs and Adjectives and you need to know them along with the usage  – particularly Nouns -Count/Uncountable. Simple definitions of these three types of words are:

  • Nouns: naming words; the objects they name can be visible or not visible.
  • Verbs: doing words – they indicate some action or work; action again can be in  brain
  • Adjectives: are describing words, they describe the Nouns.

If it is a Noun, you have to identify it as Uncountable or Countable and within Countable there can be Singular or Plural; uncountable by definition can’t have singular/plural forms. Some Nouns can be used both as Countable and Uncountable. e.g. How many times have I told you to do it in time.

Parts of Speech builds or reinforces a solid foundation for understanding different structures of sentences and later the Tenses will become much easier to understand for a BASIC language learner of Spoken English. Point to Note: only Verbs and Helping-Verbs are changed with the tenses. 

Grammar milestone #1 for Spoken English BASIC class: To Know and identify the ‘Parts of Speech’ or Types of words particularly: Nouns (countable and uncountable), Verbs/Helping Verbs and Adjectives. Please give yourself 3-4 days and build some Active Vocabulary along with it. Do some Activities in the class and practice the usage in the Language L@b.

Grammar Challenge for Students of Intermediate/Advanced classes: If you understand and can identify and use all the ‘Parts of Speech’ 8 or 9 – depending on the grammar book you refer to; We offer attractive scholarships!

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2 thoughts on “Milestone 1: Parts of Speech OR different types of words

  1. It is an eye opener post for anyone like me who want to enhance their communication skills. I used to read a lot, whatever came to me, be it The Hindu Newspaper or International magazines but I couldn’t learn the proper framing (of sentences or phrases) needed to articulate well in English even by spending thousands of hours over the past many years surrounded by English.

    Please also recommend useful materials/books/movies to learn more from you.

    (only a few typos and a couple of corrections done: Ashish)

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    • Nishant, You are sure an Active Learner do continue your reading. Your Reading has also given you the depth of thinking that will translate to good speaking as it happens for you… even thoughts/thinking require vocabulary. Give yourself 2-3 months Do more of listening/speaking to be more fluent speaker of the language… don’t worry about the mistakes (I will keep correcting them… that’s the Job)

      Read books that have conversations and dialogues using ‘day-to-day’ English these can be Comics or simple Q&A, Interviews or speeches: Peanuts as you picked yesterday or even Archie’s will help you gain ‘the language to speak’…It is as Easy as ABC. Read my post:

      I have listened to a lot of BBC Radio – most of the Learn English episodes are now available on the BBC Learning English Website as pod-casts. We will watch some videos in the class as we progress… keep the time for this class everyday and keep your focus on Learning and Applying the same on your own composition.

      Fluency with a Spoken language desires that you compose sentences or meaningful phases ‘as fast as possible’ where practice is the key. Initial practice in front of a trainer helps you (so that the errors are removed) thereafter you need to do independent practice.

      My most liked video for Business Language is ‘Yes Minister’ – it is fun filled political satire with very good Oxford English from Sir Nigel… you will watch that once every week along with the transcript… Keep Learning and Keep Enjoying!

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